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There's no 'one size fits all' approach when it comes to Australia, so those intelligent people over at NBN Co. have devised six ways in which the National Broadband Network (NBN) can reach homes and businesses across the country:
Fibre to the Premises/Home (FTTP/FTTH)
FTTP/FTTH connects you to the internet via a fibre optic cable that'll run all the way into your premises, either via underground cabling or overhead lines.
Fibre to the Node (FTTN) and Fibre to the Basement (FTTB)
FTTN and FTTB use a mix of fibre optic cabling in addition to the pre-existing copper network to connect you to the internet.
A fibre optic cable will be laid to your local node (FTTN) or your apartment's basement (FTTB), with the connection continuing to your house/apartment via the pre-existing copper network.
In instances where it's not feasible to connect a building via copper or fibre, Fixed Wireless can be utilised. If this technology is used to connect your premises, fibre optic cabling will be laid to a local transmission tower which will connect wirelessly to an antenna fitted to your roof.
Fixed Wireless is setup with a set number of users who do not move locations, so the connection is more stable than what you may find with a standard mobile network which has an unpredictable set of users who are constantly moving.
Hybrid Fibre Coaxial (HFC) Cable
In areas that are already serviced by Optus and Telstra HFC cable, NBN may be provided over an upgraded HFC network. The upgraded HFC network is capable of speeds matching or surpassing other NBN technologies.
Where a connection can't be made with the other NBN types, your premises might be connected via a satellite dish located on your roof.